Children in South Africa bear a huge burden of poverty because they are disproportionately represented in households situated in poor areas where there is little employment. Children have a constitutional right to social assistance, and over 9 million children receive social grants. Without these grants, child poverty rates would be even more severe.
The child support grant is an unconditional cash grant paid to the caregivers of eligible children. It is the biggest of all grants in distribution numbers, and now reaches over 10 million children each month.
The Foster Child Grant is available to foster parents who have a child placed in their care by an order of the court. It is a non-contributory cash grant to the value of R680 per child per month as of 1 April 2009.